Clare's Law - In a Relationship Request
What is this scheme?
The aim of the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme (DVDS) is to give you a formal mechanism to make enquiries about your partner if you are worried that they may have been abusive in the past. It also al lows a person to enquire about an ex-partner, if concerned about their own safety, when no longer in the relationship.
If police checks show that your partner or ex-partner has a record of abusive behaviour, or there is other information to indicate that you may be at risk from your partner, the police will consider sharing this information with you.
The scheme aims to help you to make a more informed decision on whether to continue a relationship and provides further help and support to assist you when making that choice.
Who can ask for disclosure?
A disclosure under this scheme is the sharing of specific information about your partner with either you or a third person for the purposes of protecting you from domestic violence.
- You can make an application about your partner or ex-partner if you have a concern that they may harm you.
- Any concerned third party, such as your parent, neighbour or friend can also make an application if they are concerned about you.
- However, a third-party person making an application would not necessarily receive information about your partner or ex-partner. It may be more appropriate for someone else to receive the information, such as you, or a person that is in a position to protect you from the abuse.
- Information will only be given to someone who is in a position to use the information to protect you from the abuse.
How do I make an application?
Contacting the police
There are many different ways you can contact the police:
- complete our online Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme Application - Clare's Law form
- visit a police station
- phone 101, the non-emergency number for the police
- web www.westyorkshire.police.uk/contact-us
- speak to a member of the police on the street
If you believe there is an immediate risk of harm to someone, or it is an emergency, you should always call 999.
Step One: Initial contact with the police
When you contact the police, a police officer or a member of police staff will take the details of what prompted your enquiry and the nature of your relationship with your partner or ex-partner.
They will ask you when and where it is safe to make contact with you again.
You will need to give your name, address and date of birth. At a later stage, you will need to provide proof of your identity.
The police will run some initial checks based on the information you have provided and conduct an initial risk assessment.
The purpose of these initial checks is for the police to establish if there are any immediate concerns.
These checks will not be undertaken while you are present.
If when speaking to the police you allege a crime against your partner or ex-partner - for example, you tell them that your partner or ex-partner has hit you, then the police may investigate this as a crime and may arrest your partner.
No disclosure of information will take place at this stage unless it is necessary to provide immediate protection to you.
If the police believe that you are at risk and in need of protection from harm, they will take immediate action.
Step two: Face-to-face meeting to complete the application
Depending on the outcome of Step One, you may then be required to participate in a face-to-face meeting with the police. This meeting will be to establish further details about your application in order to assess any risk and for you to provide proof of your identity. This should be completed within 10 days of initial contact. Proof of identity should comprise of a photo ID and another form of ID (if photo ID is not available, the police will consider other forms of ID).
The forms of ID that could be used are:
- your passport
- your driving licence
- a household utility bill
- your bank statement
- your birth certificate
The police will then use the meeting to gather more information from you about the nature of the relationship between you and your partner or ex-partner to help decide whether you are at risk of domestic abuse.
The police may run checks and speak to other agencies including the Prison Service, the Probation Service and Social Services based on the information you give them. They will work as quickly as possible to complete the checks but, depending on the circumstances, some checks may take longer for the results to be received by the police.
It is envisaged that the maximum time that it will take to complete the whole process, including these checks, and the disclosure of information if decided necessary, is 35 days.
The police will act immediately if at any point they consider you to be at risk and in need of protection from harm.
Step Three: Multi-agency meeting to consider disclosure
The police will meet with other safeguarding agencies (such as the Probation Service, Prison Service, Social Services) to discuss:
- the information that you have given them
- any additional information the police may have received from checks they have run
- relevant information from the agencies they have talked to
The multi-agency meeting will then decide whether any disclosure is lawful, necessary and proportionate to protect you from your partner or ex-partner. If they decide to disclose information, they will decide who should receive the information disclosure and set up a safety plan tailored to the potential victim's needs, to provide you with help and support.
Step Four: Potential disclosure
What kind of information you might be given
If the checks show that your partner or ex-partner has a record of abusive offending or there is other information that indicates there is a pressing need to make a disclosure to prevent further crime, the police may disclose this information to you or to a person who is more able to protect you.
A person's previous convictions are treated as confidential, and the information will only be disclosed if it is lawful and proportionate, and there is a pressing need to make the disclosure to prevent further crime.
If the checks do not show that there is a pressing need to make a disclosure to prevent further crime, the police will tell you that. This may be because your partner or ex-partner does not have a record of abusive offences or there is no information held to indicate they pose a risk of harm to you. Or it may be that some information is held on your partner or ex-partner, but this is not sufficient to demonstrate a pressing need for disclosure.
It may be the case that your partner or ex-partner is not known to the police for abusive offences or there is insufficient information to indicate they pose a risk of harm to you, but they are showing worrying behaviour. In this case, the police or other support agency can work to protect you by providing advice and support.
Your Right to Know
Under the Scheme, you may receive a disclosure even if you have not asked for one. That is because, if the police receive information about your partner which they consider puts you at risk of harm from domestic abuse, then they may consider disclosing that information to you or another person who they consider best placed to protect you.
The decision to disclose information when you have not asked for a disclosure will be made by the multi-agency meeting, and the disclosure will only be made if it is lawful and proportionate, and there is a pressing need to make the disclosure to prevent further crime.
You should be aware that police checks or any disclosures made are not a guarantee of safety. They will, however, make sure you are aware of what local and national support is available.
After you are given information:
"Can I tell my family and friends about this? I really need to talk to someone."
If you receive a disclosure, it should be treated as confidential. It is only being given to you so that you can take steps to protect yourself. You must not share this information with anyone else unless you have spoken to the police, or the person who gave you the information, and they have agreed with you that it will be shared.
Subject to the condition that the information is kept confidential, you can:
- use the information to keep yourself safe
- use the information to keep any children involved in the situation safe
- ask what support is available
- ask for advice on how to keep yourself and others safe
The police may decide not to give you information if they think that you will discuss it with others. However, the police will still take steps to protect you if you are at risk of harm.
The police may take action against you if the information is disclosed without their consent, which could include civil or criminal proceedings.
You should be aware that it is an offence (under Section 55 of the Data Protection Act 1998) for a person to 'knowingly or recklessly obtain or disclose personal data without the consent of the data controller' which in this case is usually the police.
If no disclosure is made but you still have concerns and want further information about protecting yourself, there is action you can take to protect yourself in the future.
The police can provide you with information and advice on how to protect yourself and how to recognise the warning signs of domestic abuse. There are also a number of specialist services and organisations providing information about domestic abuse, how to spot it and how to work with the authorities to intervene.
National National Domestic Violence Helpline - 0808 2000 247
GALOP (National LGBT Domestic Abuse Helpline) - 0800 999 5428
Men's Advice Line - 0800 801 0327
Paladin (Stalking Advocacy Service) - 020 38664 107
National Stalking Helpline - 0808 802 0300
Karma Nirvana (Forced marriage and honour-based abuse) - 0800 5999 247
Victim Support - 0845 456 5995 and 0845 3030 900
Leeds Domestic Violence and Abuse Service - 0113 246 0401
Calderdale Staying Safe - 01422 323339
Staying Put (Bradford) - 0808 2800 999
Domestic Violence Services Keighley - 01535 210999
Pennine Domestic Violence Group (Kirklees) - 0800 052 7222
Wakefield Domestic Abuse Service - 0800 915 1561
Men Reaching Out (Male Domestic Abuse Service) - 01274 731020
Page last reviewed November 2022