Victims' Right to Review
What is the Victims' Right to Review?
The Police Victims’ Right to Review (VRR) scheme gives victims the right to request a review of a police decision not to prosecute a suspect.
How long will the form take?
What do I need?
- Your personal details, including your address and postcode
- Your objection
Victims' Right to Review information
Police Victims' Right to Review (VRR) only applies to those cases in which a suspect has been identified and interviewed under caution, either following an arrest or by voluntary arrangement. An ‘interview’ in this context relates to situations where a suspect has an allegation put to them in some detail as opposed to limited questioning.
The right of a victim to request a review arises where the police:
- Make a decision not to bring proceedings in cases where the police have authority to charge;
- Make a decision that the case does not meet the appropriate Test (Directors guidance for Charging 2013) for referral to the CPS for a charging decision.
Police Victims' Right to Review (VRR) requests should be submitted within 3 months of the victim being notified of the case being finalised. Any requests made after 3 months will be dealt with at the force’s discretion.
In addition Police Victims' Right to Review (VRR) only applies to decisions that were made on or after 1st April 2015*. The scheme does not apply retrospectively to decisions taken before that date.
The Police Victims' Right to Review (VRR) process does not apply to those case where:
- No suspect has been identified and interviewed;
- Cases where charges are brought in respect of some (but not all) allegations made or against some (but not all) possible suspects;
- Cases where a charge is brought that relates to the matter complained about by the victim but the offence charged differs from the crime that was recorded;
- Cases which are concluded by way of out of court disposal;
- Cases where the victim retracts their complaint or refuses to co-operate with the investigation and a decision is therefore taken not to charge or refer the case to the CPS for a charging decision.
As a victim of crime if you feel that your case has not been handled appropriately under the above circumstances, you have the right to request a review of your case.
A victim is defined as per The Code of Practice for Victims of Crime 2013 (Victims’ Code): ‘a person who has suffered harm, including physical, mental or emotional harm or economic loss which was directly caused by criminal conduct’.
- Close relatives of a person whose death was directly caused by criminal conduct;
- Parents or guardians where the main victim is a child or youth under 18;
- Police officers who are victims of crime;
- Family spokespersons of victims with a disability or who are so badly injured that they cannot communicate; and
- Businesses, providing they give a named point of contact.
How can victims exercise the right under the scheme?
Online - (Preferred method of contact)
You can use the contact form below. When writing your objection, please do so in full - including as much detail about the case as possible such as;
- Occurrence or Crime Number/Unique file reference number
- People involved
- The outcome you would like from the review
As an alternative to completing the online form - please submit your objection in writing, by phone or by email :
By writing to the Criminal Justice Department at the below address : -
Criminal Justice Department
West Yorkshire Police Headquarters
By telephoning West Yorkshire Police Criminal Justice Department using the non-emergency number : - 101
You can email the Criminal Justice Department at : - [email protected]
* If the allegation relates to child sexual abuse and is excluded from police VRR as the decision was made prior to 1 April 2015 the case may be suitable for review via a National Child Sexual Abuse Panel